It often takes several days for travellers to acclimatise to a new time zone.
Health and wellness expert Dr Darren Green explains that jet lag occurs when a person travels across multiple time zones and has trouble adjusting to the new schedule.
Dr Green advises that jet lag disrupts the body clock, otherwise known as the circadian rhythm.
Also on air travel: 'Jacob Zuma didn't know you have to pay for food on the plane'
Jet lag, also called flight fatigue, can cause fatigue, insomnia, and other symptoms, he says.
According to Dr Green, people need one day for every one-hour time zone crossed to get back to their normal rhythm and energy levels.
He explains that jet lag affects the performance of artists, professional athletes and businessmen who travel regularly.
Tips on helping minimise jet lag:
- create comfort on the flight
- wear dark eye patches on the flight
- consider taking sleeping tablets on long-distances flights
- expose yourself to light at the new destination
- familairise yourself with the new environment
- stick to the same sleep schedule
- stick to the same bedtime habits and nightime routine (e.g. brushing teeth, lights, pillows, pajamas)
- consult with your doctor or pharmacist about using melatonin medication
If you go to the West, you increase the length of your day.— Dr Darren Green, Health and Wellness expert
Something as simple as eye patches can make a massive difference to your trip.— Dr Darren Green, Health and Wellness expert
Dr Green shared advice on jet lag and other travel and flight-related health concerns.
Take a listen to the practical tips during the Health and Wellness feature:
This article first appeared on CapeTalk : 8 tips on how to beat jet lag