Every year Stats SA releases its General Household Survey (GHS). The survey is conducted in the preceding year from January through to December.
According to Stats SA, "the survey is an omnibus household-based instrument aimed at determining the progress of development in the country. It measures, on a regular basis, the performance of programmes as well as the quality of service delivery in a number of key service sectors in the country."
GHS covers a few broad categories that include education, health, access to services, and food security, among others.
The survey has been conducted since 2002.
Water access and use in SA
Currently, 88.6% of SA households have access to piped or tapped water, whether on- or off-site.
SA's overall access to water has dropped from 90.1% in 2014 and 89% in 2016 to 88.6% in 2017.
The Western Cape fared the best in 2017 with 98.7% of households having piped or tap water, followed by Gauteng (97.1%) and the Northern Cape (96%).
The Eastern Cape had the lowest percentage at 74.2% but also had the biggest growth since 2002, up from only 56.1%.
Main water source used for drinking
Piped water in dwellings has seen a steady increase since 2002 and is currently sitting at 46.7%. Piped water on site, on the other hand, has remained fairly constant over the 15-year period. Access to water via a public or communal tap has both increased and decreased over the years and is currently sitting at 12.2%.
For more information, visit Stats SA.
This article first appeared on KFM : Piped water access has seen a decrease for the second year in a row