It’s almost exactly a year ago (18 December 2017) that the ANC elected Cyril Ramaphosa as its President.
Ramaphosa won by the narrowest of margins; 2440 to 2261 votes.
Following President Jacob Zuma’s resignation on 14 February 2018, Ramaphosa was elected unopposed as the President of South Africa the next day.
The Johannesburg Stock Exchange immediately rallied, Government bonds firmed, and the rand strengthened to its best level since early 2015; a phenomenon that came to be known as “Ramaphoria”.
It did not last.
It started to dawn on the country that his intention to fight corruption and fix the economy would be hamstrung by that wafer-thin victory at the ANC’s elective conference, and by the defeated faction of a deeply divided party who seemed to be fighting back.
The economy slipped into recession.
Discussions around land expropriation without compensation rattled investors.
State-owned companies, especially Eskom, threatened to bankrupt the country.
Despite all this, the ship seems to be turning around ever so slowly.
Disgraced South African Revenue Service Commissioner Tom Moyane is gone.
So is the National Director of Public Prosecutions Shaun Abrahams.
There is much to do.
Success for President Ramaphosa – and South Africa – is not a given.
President Cyril Ramaphosa is taking strain, he admitted to Xolani Gwala at the start of the interview.
Being president is much harder than he thought it would be, he said.
Nevertheless, he “does it for the service of the people of our country”.
His health is fine; he assured Gwala, “walking and exercise helps”
Listen to the entire interview in the audio below (and scroll down for brief highlights from it).
On State Capture
"There have been revelations week after week. Some have been shocking, and some have come as a surprise. With some, you had an idea but didn't really know the depth of it..."
On South Africa’s credit rating
"A number of countries have been downgraded, we are facing a rather difficult economic situation at the moment and we are working very hard to upgrade ourselves so we are at investment grade."
President Ramaphosa says Government will look at the business model of Eskom.
He says he will announce a task team on Friday.
On the minimum wage
President Ramaphosa agrees that many workers in the country earn way below the minimum wage.
"That minimum wage will continue to go up."
On the SABC
Asked why the Presidency accepted SABC board resignations, Ramaphosa said, "The members themselves came forward and said we want out... it is difficult to say I am not going to release you."
He has refuted claims that there is any political interference from the ANC.
On the clean-up of SOEs
"We have been identifying people involved in this and rooting them out and getting them to leave so we can clean up... I have sat down with the Auditor General and he has told me horrifying stories."
"I answered a question correctly, there is no corruption whatsoever. Money was paid to a campaign fund which I had no control over or knowledge of. None of it went to me, or my family."
On merging certain departments and reducing the size of Cabinet
"I am not yet locked on numbers. I am dealing more with functionality."
On his plans to tackle youth unemployment
"Many of the projects we are embarking on are aimed at young people... one of the things we are going to test drive is the German system where young people get into colleges and do theoretical work..."
On the state of healthcare
"I am very much aware of the crisis that we are facing in our health sector. Our hospitals are in need of proper infrastructure... Our National Health Insurance which we are finalising is going to be one of the solutions."
On the deep divisions in the ANC
"Unity and renewal. Those two concepts are what is going to define the future of the ANC. The provinces that were fraught with disunity are now beginning to unite..."
On the upcoming elections
"I am confident that we will not get below 50%, in fact, we are going to top the 2014 numbers. The ANC has always been the home of the people of South Africa."
Watch a video of the interview below:
EWN's live commentary of the interview:
Ramaphosa speaks to Gwala on a wide range of issues ranging from state capture to internal ANC dynamics.