NATO members are presented with a major challenge as the Russian military takes action in parts of Syria and Turkey.
Of concern to NATO, the Russians have violated Turkish airspace – an action which NATO claims to be deliberate.
Russia signaled deepening intervention in the Syrian war, with its ground forces present after NATO officials warned them against a Russian warplane which invaded Turkey’s airspace last week.
Brooks Spector, associate editor at the Daily Maverick and US foreign policy expert, said NATO is being provoked to protect territorial integrity.
Listen to the full conversation (with John Webb standing in) on CapeTalk's Breakfast with Kieno Kammies: